Chandrayaan-2 is a completely Indian lunar mission which will land on the Moon’s South Polar region. This is the first time among all the countries to land on this region i.e. Southern Polar region. The aim behind this mission is to analyze the information about moon and its climate that we can made efficient discoveries, which can beneficial for India and the whole humanity in many reasons.
Moon is the nearest natural satellite to the earth. There are many missions launched to understand the origin of the moon and the existence of water molecules on the lunar surface. This information can be beneficial to understand the universe. Our universe is very deep and vast and consists of a number of wonderful aspects about the life that are still to be discovered. Man is always eager to learn about the origin of the universe.
Launching of Chandrayaan-2
About Launcher and the space craft
The GSLV Mk-III is the completely designed and assembled in India, is the most powerfull rocket launcher till date. It will carry Chandrayaan-2 to its supposed orbit. It can carry upto 4 ton class of Satellites to the Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO).
Its components are:
- S200 SOLID ROCKET BOOSTERS
- L110 LIQUID STAGE
- C25 UPER STAGE.
The Orbiter with observe the lunar surface by revolving the orbit of the Moon for the time of one year and enhance the communication between the earth with Indian Deep Space Network (ISDN) AT Byalalu and the Chandrayaan-2 Lander- Vikram. Its weight is near about 2,379 kg and it can generate the electric power energy near about 1,000 W.
- Chandrayaan 2 Large area soft X-ray Spectometer for the study of the elemental composition of the Moon
- Imaging IR Spectometer for the Mineralogy mapping and water-ice confirmation.
- Synthetic Aperture Radar L & S Band for the Polar Region mapping and sub-surface water –ice confirmation.
- Orbiter High Resolution camera for the High-resolution topography mapping
- Chandra’s Surface Thermo-Physical Experiment for the Thermal conductivity and temperature gradient.
- Alpha Particle X-Ray Spectrometer and Laser Induced Break down Spectroscope for the In-situ elemental analysis and abundance in the vicinity of landing site.
The Lander of the Chandrayaan-2 is named Vikram after Dr. Vikram A Sarabhai, the Father of the Indian Space Programme, It is designed to function for the one lunar day ( equivalent to about 14 Earth days. Its weight is about 1,471 kg and it has the capability of generating electric power near about of 650 w. Vikram will communicate among the IDSN AT Byalalu near Bangalore,the orbiter and the Rover of Chandrayaan – 2. Its is designed to execute a soft landing on the Southern Polar region surface of the Moon.
The Rover – Pragyan of the Chandrayaan – 2 having weight near about 27 kg and having the capability of generating the electric power of 50 w, is a 6 wheeled robotic vehicle. It can travel up to 500 m and use the solar energy for its functioning. It can only communicate with the Lander.