Words are classified according to the particular work they do in a sentence.
The particular work which a word does is called its function.
The Parts of Speech are the classes into which words are divided according to their function in a sentence.
There are eight Parts of Speech :-
- Noun: A Noun is the name of a person, place or thing.
- Ashoka was a noble king.
- The sun rises in the east
- Delhi is on the Jumna
- Her virtue won her honour.
- Pronoun: A Pronoun is a word used instead of a Noun.
- As Raman is ill, he will not come to school
- When the tiger saw the man, it sprang upon him.
- Adjective: An Adjective is a word used to qualify (that is, to add something to the meaning of) a Noun.
- The rose is a beautiful flower.
- Ashok is a brave boy.
- Twenty soldiers were killed.
4. Verb: A Verb is a word used for saying something about a person, place, or thing.
- The poor girl cried bitterly.
- Bombay is a big city
- Virtue is its own reward.
5. Adverb: An Adverb is a word which qualifies a Verb, Adjective or another Adverb.
- He runs quickly.
- This painting is very beautiful.
- The sun was shining so brightly.
6. Preposition: A Preposition is word used with a Noun or Pronoun to show its relation to some other words in the sentence.
- The cat is lying on the table.
- The king then sat under a tree.
- Sita is fond of Music.
- Two and Two make four. (Words)
- He was a man of Courage but of no reputation. (Phrases)
- She is fond of music, but hates dancing. (Sentences)
8. Interjection : An interjection is an exclamatory word, denoting some sudden or strong feeling.
- Hurrah! we have won the match.
- Oh God! what is this happened.
- Alas! he has ruined.